Et Al

What is et al short for?

And others

Et al is an abbreviation for et alia, a latin word that means "and others." It is most commonly used in scholarly writing, especially in bibliographies and footnotes to avoid listing numerous authors.

Et al is primarily used only in reference to people but may also be used to refer to other objects. While et al is often seen as an abbreviation for et alia (neuter plural), it can also be classified as an abbreviation for et alii (masculine plural) or et aliae (feminine plural). Et al also commonly appears with a period as et al.


Johnson, et al, 2010
Et al in a bibliography
Et al in a bibliography

Related Slang


Updated March 16, 2017

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This page explains what the abbreviation "et al" means. The definition, example, and related terms listed above have been written and compiled by the team.

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